This large size makes Ethiopia an ecologically diverse ranging from arid areas to tropical forests in the south. This publication estimated that there are 428 endemic and near endemic woody taxa in Ethiopia and Eritrea, and presented conservation assessments using IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria for 135 woody taxa. Kelbessa E, Demissew S, Woldu Z, Edwards S: Some threatened Endemic plants of Ethiopia. Primarily found in southern Ethiopia, Prince Ruspoli’s Turaco had not been spotted for more than 50 years. . The root is burned for smoke to ward off mosquitoes and as a snake repellant in the house. 50+ ENDEMIC & RARE BIRDS OF ETHIOPIA LIST: Birds only found in Ethiopia, where to find them, and how to organize a birding trip to see them 50+ Endemic & Rare birds of Ethiopia. F.A. Posted on Jul 29, 2014 Africa, Criteria System, IUCN Categories and Criteria, Library, Region, Taxon, Vascular Plants | Comments Off on The Red List of Endemic Trees & Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea (2005) – English The East African countries of Ethiopia and Eritrea have one […] Mabberley, D.J. Here are some examples of endemic plants in Indonesia: * Aglaia Ceramica is a species of plant in the Meliaceae family. Of them, 25 are accidental, 16 are endemic, one has been introduced by humans, and the statuses of 11 are under review. Endemic plants of Ethiopia: Preliminary working list to contribute to National plant conservation target Ethiopia is one of the most unique landscapes on Earth, with lush forests, snow-capped peaks and arid deserts. The extreme opposite of endemism is cosmopolitan distribution. Fourth Edition. 23 No. Endemic plants in sri lanka 1. Although the Horn of Africa is a major centre of plant diversity and endemism, there is as yet no complete red list of plants for Ethiopia or Eritrea. On record there are 600 species of medicinal plants constituting a little over 10 percent of Ethiopia's vascular flora. LIST OF 25+ ENDEMIC & RARE BIRDS OF ETHIOPIA. In 1790, the first European, James Bruce of Scotland, documented only 18 plants in his Natural History of Ethiopia. Arba Minch University . As a country with such varied habitats, Ethiopia is home to many species that cannot be found anywhere else on Earth, whose endangered status highlights the need for environmental stewardship and a radical re-imagining of how we co-exist with our environment. Published in 2005, The Red List of Endemic Trees & Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea was the first complete assessment of the conservation status of endemic woody species for these two countries. Specifically, 12% of the total woody species in Ethiopia has been found to be endemic to different vegetation types ( Tewolde, 1991 ). Of the endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 480 species in 224 genera and 66 families. Owing to the protection of endemic species from Export as a genetic material, it is required to compile a working list of those species which are endemic to the country. Endemic to Ethiopia, Echinops kebericho, is used for fever and as a taenicidal herb (to expell tapeworm). Are you sure you want to remove Some endemic plants of Ethiopia from this list? INTRODUCTION TO ENDEMISM • Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island,nation,country or other defined zone or habitat type. The smoke from burning the plant is inhaled to relieve headache and also as a cure for “evil eye” (possession by evil spirits in Ethiopian folk religion).. The animal is endemic, and is the size and colour of a European Red Fox, but with long legs, longer muzzle, and a striking black and white tail. Abstract- The study was conducted on The status of an Ethiopian endemic plant. There are 31 endemic species of mammals, meaning that a species occurs naturally only in a certain area, in this case Ethiopia. It is a tree endemic to the Maluku Islands in Indonesia. When What Who Comment; 18 minutes ago: To read (list) - diff. (2017) Mabberley's Plant-book. The bird species of Ethiopia are mix of African, Palearctic and a fantastic number of birds are unique for the region of the Horn of Africa. floristic wealth is reflected in the fact that Ethiopia is one of the primary centers of origin of many of the world's cultivated crops, e.g. Ethiopia . Ethiopia is one of the most important biodiversity hotspots in the world. Botany 2000, 35-55. References. Plants here exhibit a fascinating variety of crowns, uses, and colourful seeds and flowers. Medicinal plants comprise one of the important components of the vegetation. Endemic Birds of Ethiopia Addis Ababa Axum Dire Dawa ... it provides an excellent opportunity for study and observation of an Ethiopian endemic. The taxa included in the Red List of Endemic Flowering Plants have been drawn from the published volumes of the Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea Vols. Menelik's bushbuck. No lists yet! Out of these, 11 plant species were endemic which have been included in the preliminary list assessed for IUCN Red Data List, of which 1 species is nearly threatened, one species is vulnerable, and the other nine of them are at the status least concern. Unless otherwise noted, the list is that of iGoTerra. This edition is on 0 lists. The African wild dog prehistorically had widespread distribution in Ethiopia; however, with last sightings at Fincha , this canid is thought to be potentially extirpated within Ethiopia. Google Scholar A total of 133 species of plants (herbs, shrubs, lianas and trees) were recorded. For further details on possible inaccuracies in the list see Sources & Caveats. This report provides IUCN Red List assessments for 122 species and 13 subspecies. Berry: Added The Lotus Palace to the list… The Red List of Endemic Trees and Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea, published by the Global Trees Campaign in 2005, helps to improve the sparse knowledge of trees in the area. The status of some plants in parts of tropical Africa. It has a large number of plant species and a recent work indicated that the number of higher plants was over 7000 species from which ca. 12 % are probably endemic. recorded in Ethiopia, of which 12% or more are probably endemic. 1992, East and Central Africa: NAPRECA, No.2. An additional 16 species are hypothetical as defined below. The conservation of tree species in Ethiopia and Eritrea is of particular importance as both countries have some of the highest levels of poverty in the world. It’s also extremely rare, with just three known sites and a spot on the IUCN Red List. The flora is 35% endemic and is an lndependent floristic region closely … It’s a gorgeous endemic bird, with a vivid moss green body, crimson wing linings, and a bizarre blonde mohawk-style crest. In 2005, the Global Trees Campaign published a preliminary Red List of Endemic Trees and Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea. This is a list of the bird species recorded in Ethiopia.The avifauna of Ethiopia included a total of 867 confirmed species as of May 2020. The Red List of Endemic Trees & Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea The nation enjoys a high level of endemism with 31 species of endemic mammals and over twenty species of endemic birds. Edwards S, Mesfin Tadesse & Hedberg I (eds).1995. The smoke from burning the plant is inhaled to relieve headache and also as a cure for “evil eye” (possession by evil spirits in Ethiopian folk religion). 2 … BLUE-WINGED GOOSE (Cyanochen cyanoptera) Wing 325-376 mm. The East African countries of Ethiopia and Eritrea have one of the richest assemblages of plants in the African continent. ENDEMIC PLANTS IN SRI LANKA 2. The working list of plants has been compiled by Dr. Tesfaye Awas (Part one-available online) and this is the animal aspect (Part two). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea, Vol. , wheat, barley, teff, coffee, peas, okra, sorghum, millets, lentils. Today, nearly seven thousand plant species, one thousand of which are endemic to Ethiopia, are 3377). For further details on possible inaccuracies in the list see Sources & Caveats. The Red List of Endemic Trees & Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea (2005) – English. Vepris dainellii, in Arba Minch Natural forest, Southern Ethiopia, to determine the population status, population structure and regeneration status of the species. There are 5 endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families. Main The Red List of Endemic Trees and Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edited by: Edwards S, Zemede A. As many as 224 plant species, including more than 110 woody plant species, have been recorded in Kafa, out of which around 20 are listed as endemic.Broadleaf trees dominate the scenery, while the moist and temperate climate makes an excellent habitat for vegetation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Vegetation types in Ethiopia are highly diverse ranging from afro-alpine to desert vegetation. The various spices, herbs and roots Ethiopians use are mostly endemic to Ethiopia and it appears as if only the Ethiopians themselves possess the key that unlocks its many benefits. Likewise, Ethiopia is also unquestionably a critical region for faunistic diversity. Ethiopia Checklist of Endemic Vascular Plant Genera This list of vascular plant genera found exclusively in Ethiopia is based on the taxonomy used in Mabberley (2017). Gelada baboon Starck's hare. Published in 2005, this report was the first complete assessment of the endemic tree species in Ethiopia and Eritrea. By Mulugeta Kebebew Robi . Endemic to Ethiopia, Echinops kebericho, is used for fever and as a taenicidal herb (to expell tapeworm). Recent Activity. Some endemic plants of Ethiopia / Lists. A description of 326 species of 158 genera and 68 families (including naturalized exotics), their native and trade names, data on distribution, ecology, wood properties and uses, propagation etc., with a key to families and genera, and 129 line drawings, preceded by a description of the chief natural plant communities of Ethiopia [cf. PLANTS. 2 (part I, … Indigenous Animals & Plants The Major Endemic Mammals of Ethiopia. The number of endemic plant species and near-endemic species in Ethiopia is high (Friis et al., 2005). The Red List of Endemic Trees and Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea Jose Luis Vivero, Ensermu Kelbessa, Sebsebe Demissew. Ethiopia Checklist of Endemic Amphibian Species This list of amphibian species found exclusively in Ethiopia is based on the species recognized in AmphibiaWeb as of 28 October 2018. In total, there are more than 850 species of birds that have been recorded in the country. The Blue-winged Goose inhabits plateau marshes, streams and damp grasslands from about 1800 meters (6000 feet) upward. The Red List of Endemic Trees & Shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Bird watching is an international pastime and Ethiopia and Eritrea are some of the most spectacular places in the world for this sport. Thick-Billed Raven Semien Fox: Habitat: Bale. For this sport, Echinops kebericho, is used for fever and as snake. 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